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tarmachan /taraməxan/
fir. gin. -ain, iol. -an
ptarmigan (lagopus mutus)

Cuideachadh leis a' mhapa / Map help

The *tàrmachan spelling erroneous. All recorded phonetic forms have short vowels: Dieckhoff /taRaːmKan/, Lhuyd (who marks length) tar my chan and DASG /t̪ɑɾɑmɑxɑṉ/. Note also Irish (Dineen) tarmanach and tormachán. While the latter means 'ringed plover', as their suggested derivations are all based on torm/tarm 'rumbling', this also supports a short vowel plus a helping vowel, as does the fact that tarmachan refers to a number of unrelated birds which are modified by -tràghad, -beinne etc Note in this context also the variant tormachan. It is possible that the tàrmachan spelling may be influenced by English ptarmigan /tɑːmɪɡən/ which has a long /ɑː/.

Cruthan eile an fhacail

Beachdan nam fileantach/Fluent speaker judgements: 8
Chan eil mi eòlach air an fhacal seo idir / I don't know this word 0 %
Tuigidh mi am facal seo ach cha chleachd mi e / I know this word but don't use it 0 %
Tuigidh is cleachdaidh mi am facal seo / I know this word and use it 100 %